A comparison of communism and socialism

Socialists often believe in both "inequality of opportunity and equality of outcome", according to Glenn Oliver. Moreover, access to social institutions is affected by equality of outcome and it is further claimed that rigging equality of outcome can be a way to prevent co-option of non-economic institutions important to social control and policy formation, such as the legal system, media or the electoral process, by powerful individuals or coalitions of wealthy people.

Socialism is at its core an economic philosophy, whereas Communism is economic and political in its requirement that government be the central owner and decision maker in all matters.

The Soviet Union, China, Vietnam, Cuba, and North Korea are the closest examples, although none of them fully achieved or have yet achieved a purely communist structure. They all are examples of the collectivist or totalitarian state … in its essentials not only is completed socialism the same as communism but it hardly differs from fascism.

In this form of social organisation wealth is distributed among people as per the efforts made by them. Central to socialism is that individuals are compensated for based on their individual contribution, so people that work harder or smarter would receive more than those that don't contribute.

The capitalist United States has a Social Security system and a government-owned postal service. They may consider the ultimate goal to be revolution and the abolition of social classes, or they may seek more pragmatic outcomes: Generally, most senses of the concept of equality are controversial and are seen differently by people having different political perspectives, but of all of the terms relating to equality, equality of outcome is the most "controversial" or "contentious".

After a period of transition, the government would fade away, as workers build a classless society and an economy based on common ownership. Analyst Anne Phillips argued that the proper way to assess the effectiveness of the hard-to-measure concept of equality of opportunity is by the extent of the equality of outcome.

Understanding the similarities and the differences can be useful in terms of appreciation the nuances of Communism vs. Can exist in socialism. InPremier Nikita Krushchev declared that the Soviet state had begun "withering away," though it would persist for another three decades.

As Fascism sprang from Communism, so Nazism developed from Fascism. In reality these are two different philosophies that while having some similarities also have some very stark differences. One writer suggested it was unrealistic to think about equality of opportunity in isolation without considering inequalities of income and wealth.

Comparing Economic Systems Karl Marx, German philosopher, economist, and revolutionary, laid the ideological groundwork for modern socialism and communism. Some countries such as Norway, Sweden, France, and Canada have many socialist policies such as free health care and a dominant government role in many shared services but still have very strong capitalist structures and traditions in place.

Libertarian socialism

Similarities Communism and Socialism both arose in the context of the Industrial Revolution and largely as a response to a time when business owners were becoming extremely wealthy by exploiting their workers. It aims at establishing a communist society.

International Socialist Organization Should working people run things for the good of the majority? Hannah ArendtTotalitarianism: They were contemporary with early workers' movements such as the Chartists, who pushed for universal male suffrage in Britain in the s and s.

Similarities Communism and Socialism both arose in the context of the Industrial Revolution and largely as a response to a time when business owners were becoming extremely wealthy by exploiting their workers. Nazism, on the other hand, was, for all its transformative rhetoric, a counter-revolutionary movement and regime, which consolidated capitalist ownership and the economic and social structures which Hitler had inherited from Weimar.

James GregorThe Faces of Janus: Marxism emerged in this milieu. Equality of outcome attempts to ensure that everyone finishes at the same time.Nov 12,  · However, "Communism" as it is generally understood, is a vein of thought within socialism, so it makes more sense to define communism by its relationship to socialism rather than the other way around.

Essay about Comparing Socialism and Communism Words 3 Pages The life in the U.S compared to that of the Soviet Union during the 60’s is an amazing phenomenon of a declining life expectancy in a highly developed country just like in the case of the Soviet Union during the 60’s down to the 70’s.

Communism and socialism were each designed to improve the lives of ordinary people and to more equitably distribute wealth. In theory, either system should have been able to. 26 rows · Most notably, while communism is a political system, socialism is primarily an economic system that can exist in various forms under a wide range of political systems.

In this comparison we look at the differences between socialism and communism in detail. Communism vs. Socialism By: Jeffrey Glen More often than not, in media and in conversation the concepts of Communism and Socialism are used interchangeably to refer to the essentially the same economic/political philosophy.

Comparison of Communism vs Socialism Communism and Socialism may differ drastically in their principles or they could be such government forms, which are derived from one another.

Equality of outcome

These principles and other details can be studied at Communism Definition and Socialism Definition.

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A comparison of communism and socialism
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